The National Coalition on Gas Flaring and Oil Spills in the Niger Delta is outraged over the revelations of humongous financial recklessness in NDDC, involving several individuals across the country.
Bayelsa State Governor, Hon. Seriake Dickson has berated international oil companies over what he referred to as, ‘insensitivity to the plight of oil producing communities in the Niger Delta.’
He stated that over the years, the accumulated effects of their activities were beginning to have its toll on the people of oil producing states, as they have impacted adversely on the lives of the people, especially Bayelsa, where oil companies have the bulk of their operations.
“I have said it before that what has been going on in Bayelsa State and in all oil producing areas concerning the levity with which oil companies treat the issues of the environment and the maintenance of environmental and health standards is unimaginable.
“We all have a duty to keep the environment safe and hand it to our children’s children, the same way our parents handed it over to us. Already, in our villages and communities, we can see what is happening; the accumulated effects of several years of oil exploration and exploitation; a regime of lack of transparency and accountability by oil companies, who are operating in this area because they have no respect for our laws and even our lives”, he said.
The health hazards created by oil exploration and exploitation are covert and slow in action. They are not given the deserved attention in official documents in Nigeria, even as they can be major contributors to the disease burden in oil-bearing communities. This study is an interpretation of the data reported in several published studies on crude oil spills in the Niger delta region, Nigeria.
Materials and Methods:
A manual and Internet search was conducted to extract quantitative data on the quantity of crude oil spilled; the concentrations of the pollutants in surface water, ground water, ambient air and plant and animal tissue; and the direct impact on human health and household food security.
A succession of oil spills by Shell and other companies over half a century will cost $1bn to clean up, according to a major report.
The UN Environment Programme (Unep) has announced that Shell and other oil firms systematically contaminated a 1,000 sq km (386 sq mile) area of Ogoniland, in the Niger delta, with disastrous consequences for human health and wildlife.
Nigerians had "paid a high price" for the economic growth brought by the oil industry, said UNEP's executive director.
The decision of the United States to stop the importation of Nigeria’s light blend of crude oil due to the shale oil boom has exposed the US refineries to the dangers associated with the processing of lighter shale oil.
As a result of the increased domestic production of shale oil, the US has slashed crude oil imports from a peak of almost 14 million barrels per day in 2006, to slightly above 7 million barrels per day.
Crude oil import from Nigeria, one of the principal sources of light crude, was also slashed from more than 1 million barrels per day in 2010 to zero in July 2014.
But the US refineries, Reuters has reported, are designed to handle medium blend crude as against the much lighter shale oil being produced in the country to replace imports from Nigeria and others.
US refiners are said to have shown a strong preference for a medium blend, but almost all the oil being produced as a result of the shale boom is much lighter than the refineries can handle.
A Research Paper Written By Dornwile R. Apenu (an Intern with NACGOND)
Editted by Benjamin A. Ubleble, PhD
Environmental pollution occurs in cases where contaminants are introduced into the environment. In most cases, pollution is often man made. This imply that anthropogenic activities often occur due to exploration for resources. Pollutants originate from a number of sources resulting in different kinds of hazards. Such hazards may contaminate the soil, water and air quality. In whichever way pollution may occur, the impact is always more on environmental resources. Usually, where pollution occurs, it affects habitats thereby lowering survival of various forms of life. This trend leads to loss of biodiversity. Biodiversity is the availability of various specie organisms such as plants, animals, microorganisms and by extension, all animate things present in any ecosystem (Australian Museum, 2015).1. Marine biodiversity on the other hand connotes various specie organisms found in fresh water bodies, estuaries, swamps, mangroves, oceans as the case may be. Due to high level pollution, loss of biodiversity is acute in marine life within the Niger Delta of Nigeria.